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Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from broadcast transmitters and risk of childhood cancer: a census-based cohort study

Hauri, Dimitri D
Spycher, Ben
Huss, Anke
Zimmermann, Frank
Grotzer, Michael
von der Weid, Nicolas
Spoerri, Adrian
Kuehni, Claudia E
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CollaborationWith : Ansari Djaberi, Marc Georges
Published in American Journal of Epidemiology. 2014, vol. 179, no. 7, p. 843-51
Abstract We investigated the association between exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) from broadcast transmitters and childhood cancer. First, we conducted a time-to-event analysis including children under age 16 years living in Switzerland on December 5, 2000. Follow-up lasted until December 31, 2008. Second, all children living in Switzerland for some time between 1985 and 2008 were included in an incidence density cohort. RF-EMF exposure from broadcast transmitters was modeled. Based on 997 cancer cases, adjusted hazard ratios in the time-to-event analysis for the highest exposure category (>0.2 V/m) as compared with the reference category (<0.05 V/m) were 1.03 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.74, 1.43) for all cancers, 0.55 (95% CI: 0.26, 1.19) for childhood leukemia, and 1.68 (95% CI: 0.98, 2.91) for childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Results of the incidence density analysis, based on 4,246 cancer cases, were similar for all types of cancer and leukemia but did not indicate a CNS tumor risk (incidence rate ratio = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.73, 1.46). This large census-based cohort study did not suggest an association between predicted RF-EMF exposure from broadcasting and childhood leukemia. Results for CNS tumors were less consistent, but the most comprehensive analysis did not suggest an association.
Keywords AdolescentCentral Nervous System Neoplasms/epidemiology/etiologyChildChild, PreschoolEnvironmental Exposure/adverse effectsFemaleHumansIncidenceInfantLeukemia/epidemiology/etiologyMaleNeoplasms, Radiation-Induced/epidemiology/etiologyPoisson DistributionProportional Hazards ModelsProspective StudiesRadio Waves/adverse effectsRegistriesRisk AssessmentSpatial AnalysisSwitzerland/epidemiologyTime Factors
PMID: 24651167
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Research group Plateforme d'oncologie et d'hématologie pédiatrique (907)
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HAURI, Dimitri D et al. Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from broadcast transmitters and risk of childhood cancer: a census-based cohort study. In: American Journal of Epidemiology, 2014, vol. 179, n° 7, p. 843-51. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwt442 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:55153

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Deposited on : 2015-04-07

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