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Transaortic inflow and outflow cannula for centrifugal mechanical assistance

Published in Artificial Organs. 2000, vol. 24, no. 9, p. 757-60
Abstract A specific cannula allowing single site transaortic inflow and outflow cannulation for centrifugal assist devices is described. The cannula is inserted through a straight 18 mm collagen coated Dacron tube anastomosed to the anterior aspect of the ascending aorta. The inflow conduit of the cannula is positioned into the left ventricle through the aortic valve, and the end hole of the outflow conduit is positioned in the ascending aorta. The cannula was evaluated in vivo in 3 adult pigs by the institution of a centrifugal pump for left ventricular support. Optimal flow varied between 5 and 6 L/min and mean aortic pressure between 55 and 70 mm Hg throughout the 3 days of left ventricular support. Recently, we employed this cannula in a patient who was not able to be weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass for the institution of left ventricular support using a centrifugal pump. The cannula provided effective inflow and outflow drainage with an optimal flow of 5.2 L/min throughout the 72 h of support. The patient was successfully weaned from support on the fourth postoperative day. This rational transaortic approach of cannulation using this specific cannula is a refined implantation technique which allows direct left ventricular inflow drainage, reduces the time of implantation, spares left ventricular myocardium, avoids bleeding that is sometimes encountered at other cannulation sites, and avoids compression of the heart by cannulas.
Keywords AgedAnastomosis, SurgicalAnimalsAorta/surgeryAortic ValveAssisted Circulation/instrumentationCardiac Catheterization/instrumentationCardiac Output/physiologyCardiac Output, Low/therapyCatheterization, Peripheral/instrumentationCollagenEquipment DesignHeart VentriclesHeart-Assist DevicesHumansMalePolyethylene TerephthalatesSwineVentricular Function, Left/physiologyVentricular Pressure/physiology
PMID: 11012548
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Research group Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire (105)
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KALANGOS, Afksendiyos. Transaortic inflow and outflow cannula for centrifugal mechanical assistance. In: Artificial Organs, 2000, vol. 24, n° 9, p. 757-60. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:55127

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Deposited on : 2015-04-07

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