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Exploring self-defining memories in schizophrenia

D'Argembeau, Arnaud
Bayard, Sophie
Boulenger, Jean-Philippe
Published in Memory. 2009, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 26-38
Abstract Previous studies have shown that patients with schizophrenia are impaired in recalling specific events from their personal past. However, the relationship between autobiographical memory impairments and disturbance of the sense of identity in schizophrenia has not been investigated in detail. In this study the authors investigated schizophrenic patients' ability to recall self-defining memories; that is, memories that play an important role in building and maintaining the self-concept. Results showed that patients recalled as many specific self-defining memories as healthy participants. However, patients with schizophrenia exhibited an abnormal reminiscence bump and reported different types of thematic content (i.e., they recalled less memories about past achievements and more memories regarding hospitalisation and stigmatisation of illness). Furthermore, the findings suggest that impairments in extracting meaning from personal memories could represent a core disturbance of autobiographical memory in patients with schizophrenia.
Keywords AdultCase-Control StudiesEmotions/physiologyFemaleHumansLife Change EventsMaleMemory/physiologyMiddle AgedPsychiatric Status Rating ScalesSchizophrenia/physiopathologySchizophrenic PsychologySelf Concept
PMID: 19105085
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Research group Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)
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RAFFARD, Stéphane et al. Exploring self-defining memories in schizophrenia. In: Memory, 2009, vol. 17, n° 1, p. 26-38. doi: 10.1080/09658210802524232 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:5476

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Deposited on : 2010-03-18

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