UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:5456  next document
add to browser collection
Title

The impact of transmission clusters on primary drug resistance in newly diagnosed HIV-1 infection

Authors
von Wyl, Viktor
Günthard, Huldrych F.
show hidden authors show all authors [1 - 9]
Published in AIDS. 2009, vol. 23, no. 11, p. 1415-23
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To monitor HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in a well defined urban area with large access to antiretroviral therapy and to assess the potential source of infection of newly diagnosed HIV individuals. METHODS: All individuals resident in Geneva, Switzerland, with a newly diagnosed HIV infection between 2000 and 2008 were screened for HIV resistance. An infection was considered as recent when the positive test followed a negative screening test within less than 1 year. Phylogenetic analyses were performed by using the maximum likelihood method on pol sequences including 1058 individuals with chronic infection living in Geneva. RESULTS: Of 637 individuals with newly diagnosed HIV infection, 20% had a recent infection. Mutations associated with resistance to at least one drug class were detected in 8.5% [nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), 6.3%; non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), 3.5%; protease inhibitors, 1.9%]. TDR (P-trend = 0.015) and, in particular, NNRTI resistance (P = 0.002) increased from 2000 to 2008. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that 34.9% of newly diagnosed individuals, and 52.7% of those with recent infection were linked to transmission clusters. Clusters were more frequent in individuals with TDR than in those with sensitive strains (59.3 vs. 32.6%, respectively; P < 0.0001). Moreover, 84% of newly diagnosed individuals with TDR were part of clusters composed of only newly diagnosed individuals. CONCLUSION: Reconstruction of the HIV transmission networks using phylogenetic analysis shows that newly diagnosed HIV infections are a significant source of onward transmission, particularly of resistant strains, thus suggesting an important self-fueling mechanism for TDR.
Keywords AdultDrug Resistance, Viral/geneticsEpidemiologic MethodsFemaleHIV Infections/genetics/transmission/virologyHIV-1HumansMalePhylogeny
Identifiers
PMID: 19487906
Full text
Article (Published version) (216 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Structures
Research groups Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Unité HIV (46)
Groupe Laurent Kaiser (virologie clinique) (668)
Génomique Evolutionnaire Computationnelle (830)
Citation
(ISO format)
YERLY FERRILLO, Sabine et al. The impact of transmission clusters on primary drug resistance in newly diagnosed HIV-1 infection. In: AIDS, 2009, vol. 23, n° 11, p. 1415-23. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:5456

127 hits

1 download

Update

Deposited on : 2010-03-17

Export document
Format :
Citation style :