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Scientific article
English

Relations between a computerized shopping task and cognitive tests in a group of persons diagnosed with schizophrenia compared with healthy controls

Published inJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 180-189
Publication date2010
Abstract

Cognitive deficits are clearly associated with poor everyday life functioning in persons diagnosed with schizophrenia. However, previous studies have primarily used questionnaires to assess everyday life functioning. We developed a computerized real-life activity task (shopping task), where participants are required to shop for a list of seven grocery store items. Thirty individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and 30 healthy controls were administered an extensive battery of cognitive tests and the computerized shopping task. Performances on the computerized shopping task significantly differentiated patients and healthy controls for several variables. Moreover, performance on the shopping task was significantly correlated with verbal episodic memory, cognitive flexibility, planning, processing speed, and inhibition. Finally, performance on the computerized shopping task was significantly correlated with various clinical variables and with a global measure of social functioning. These findings suggest that the computerized task used in the present study provides an indication of the level of everyday life functioning and cognitive functioning of persons diagnosed with schizophrenia, and, therefore, may be viewed as a valuable instrument in both an evaluation and remediation context.

Keywords
  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Cognition Disorders/etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mathematics
  • Memory/physiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Problem Solving
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Schizophrenia/complications
  • Schizophrenic Psychology
  • Verbal Learning/physiology
  • Young Adult
Citation (ISO format)
LARØI, Frank et al. Relations between a computerized shopping task and cognitive tests in a group of persons diagnosed with schizophrenia compared with healthy controls. In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 2010, vol. 16, n° 1, p. 180–189. doi: 10.1017/S1355617709991159
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1355-6177
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