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Probing coherent optical memories in rare-earth-ion-doped materials

Defense Thèse de doctorat : Univ. Genève, 2008 - Sc. 3969 - 2008/04/02
Abstract Rare-earth-ion doped materials are studied for a quantum information protocol, controlled reversible inhomogeneous broadening, for storing single photons. Coherence properties of Er-doped silicate optical fibers and Er-doped LiNbO₃ waveguiding structures are investigated. Spectral hole burning spectroscopy is performed in Erbium and Neodymium doped crystals and spectral tailoring is demonstrated in Nd³⁺:YVO₄. The preservation of information encoded into the relative phase and amplitudes of optical pulses during storage and retrieval in an optical memory based on stimulated photon echo is demonstrated. Furthermore photon echoes stored in spatially separated optical memories in several temporal modes, are retrieved and then combined at a beam splitter. They show almost perfect interference demonstrating both phase preserving storage and indistinguishability of photon echoes. Finally, we report an interference experiment of spontaneous emission of light from two distant solid-state ensembles of atoms and the resulting high fringe visibility implies that the observed spontaneous emission is coherent.
Keywords Quantum MemoryErbiumRare-earth-ion
URN: urn:nbn:ch:unige-5351
Note Contient des articles publiés par l'auteur dans la presse professionnelle et un résumé français de 2 p.
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STAUDT, Matthias Ulrich. Probing coherent optical memories in rare-earth-ion-doped materials. Université de Genève. Thèse, 2008. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:535

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Deposited on : 2008-10-29

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