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Radioimmunotherapy of colorectal cancer liver metastases: combination with radiotherapy

Delaloye, A B
Published in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2000, vol. 910, p. 263-9;discussion269-70
Abstract The expected therapeutic gain of a combined radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with conventional radiotherapy (RT) would be a synergy of tumor irradiation, provided that toxic, dose-limiting side effects concern different organs. We have shown in a model of subcutaneous human colon cancer transplants in nude mice that RIT with 131I-labeled anti-CEA antibody fragments combined with fractionated RT give an additive therapeutic effect without increase of side effects. A second study of different timing schedules of RIT and RT has shown that close association of both therapies without delay is more efficient than a therapy with a treatment-free interval of two weeks. In a new model of human colon cancer liver metastases in nude mice, early treatment with RIT and with RT has been curative, whereas therapies initiated later were less efficient, suggesting that the combined therapy is likely to be more efficient in an adjuvant situation after surgery. At the clinical level, six patients with limited liver metastatic disease from colorectal cancer were treated with RIT using 200 mCi 131I-labeled anti-CEA MAb F(ab')2 fragments combined with fractionated external beam RT of 20 Gy to the entire liver. As expected, spontaneously reversible bone marrow toxicity grade 3 to 4 and reversible liver toxicity grade 1 to 3 have been observed. By computerized tomography, three patients showed stable disease and one patient partial remission, whereas two patients had progressive disease. In conclusion, animal experiments have shown a clear advantage of combined RT and RIT, and the clinical study shows the feasibility of such a therapy in patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases.
Keywords AnimalsAntibodies, Monoclonal/immunology/therapeutic useCarcinoembryonic Antigen/immunologyColorectal Neoplasms/immunology/pathology/radiotherapyHumansIodine Radioisotopes/therapeutic useLiver Neoplasms/immunology/radiotherapy/secondaryMiceRadioimmunotherapy
PMID: 10911919
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Research group Groupe Roth Arnaud (oncologie) (285)
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BUCHEGGER, Franz et al. Radioimmunotherapy of colorectal cancer liver metastases: combination with radiotherapy. In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2000, vol. 910, p. 263-9;discussion269-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb06714.x https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:48438

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Deposited on : 2015-03-25

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