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Autologous platelet-rich plasma: a biological supplement to enhance adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell expansion

Jaconi, Marisa
Published in Tissue Engineering. C, Methods. 2015, vol. 21, no. 3, p. 253-62
Abstract Currently the use of non-autologous cell culture media (e.g., animal-derived or allogeneic serum) for clinical applications of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is criticized by regulatory agencies. Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is proposed as a safer alternative medium supplement for adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSC) culture. To study its efficiency on cell proliferation, AT-MSCs were cultured for 10 days in media supplemented with different concentrations of autologous non-activated PRP (nPRP) or thrombin-activated PRP (tPRP) (1-60%). AT-MSC proliferation, cell phenotype, multipotency capacity, and chromosome stability were assessed and compared to AT-MSCs expanded in a classical medium supplemented with 10% of fetal bovine serum (FBS). Culture media supplemented with nPRP showed dose-dependent higher AT-MSC proliferation than did FBS or tPRP. Twenty percent nPRP was the most effective concentration to promote cell proliferation. This condition increased 13.9 times greater AT-MSC number in comparison to culture with FBS, without changing the AT-MSC phenotype, differentiation capacity, and chromosome status. We concluded that 20% autologous nPRP is a safe, efficient, and cost-effective supplement for AT-MSC expansion. It should be considered as an alternative to FBS or other nonautologous blood derivatives. It could serve as a potent substitute for the validation of future clinical protocols as it respects good manufacturing practices and regulatory agencies' standards.
PMID: 25025830
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Research groups Groupe Pittet Cuenod Brigitte (chirurgie plastique et reconstructive) (96)
Mécanismes de différentiation cellulaire des cellules cardiaques (536)
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ATASHI, Fatemeh et al. Autologous platelet-rich plasma: a biological supplement to enhance adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell expansion. In: Tissue Engineering. C, Methods, 2015, vol. 21, n° 3, p. 253-62. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEC.2014.0206 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:48107

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Deposited on : 2015-03-11

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