Scientific article

Surface transport and band gap structure of exfoliated 2H-MoTe2crystals

Published in2D materials, vol. 1, no. 2, 021002
Publication date2014

Semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have emerged as materials that can be used to realize two-dimensional (2D) crystals possessing rather unique transport and optical properties. Most research has so far focused on sulfur and selenium compounds, while tellurium-based materials have attracted little attention so far. As a first step in the investigation of Te-based semiconducting TMDs in this context, we have studied MoTe2 crystals with thicknesses above 4 nm, focusing on surface transport and a quantitative determination of the gap structure. Using ionic-liquid gated transistors, we show that ambipolar transport at the surface of the material is reproducibly achieved, with hole and electron mobility values between 10 and 30 cm2 V−1s−1 at room temperature. The gap structure is determined through three different techniques: ionic-liquid gated transistors and scanning tunneling spectroscopy, which allow the measurement of the indirect gap (Eind), and optical transmission spectroscopy on crystals of different thickness, which enables the determination of both the direct (Edir) and the indirect gap. We find that at room temperature Eind = 0.88 eV and Edir = 1.02 eV. Our results suggest that thin MoTe2 layers may exhibit a transition to a direct gap before mono-layer thickness. They should also drastically extend the range of direct gaps accessible in 2D semiconducting TMDs.

Citation (ISO format)
GUTIERREZ LEZAMA, Ignacio et al. Surface transport and band gap structure of exfoliated 2H-MoTe<sub>2</sub>crystals. In: 2D materials, 2014, vol. 1, n° 2, p. 021002. doi: 10.1088/2053-1583/1/2/021002
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2053-1583

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