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Feature selection for object tracking in traffic scenes

Published in Richard J. Becherer. Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems. Boston (USA). 1994, p. 253-266
Collection SPIE Proceedings; 2344
Abstract This paper describes a motion-analysis system, applied to the problem of vehicle tracking in real-world highway scenes. The system is structured in two stages. In the first one, a motion-detection algorithm performs a figure/ground segmentation, providing binary masks of the moving objects. In the second stage, vehicles are tracked for the rest of the sequence, by using Kalman filters on two state vectors, which represent each target's position and velocity. A vehicle's motion is represented by an affine model, taking into account translations and scale changes. Three types of features have been used for the vehicle's description state vectors. Two of them are contour-based: the bounding box and the centroid of the convex polygon approximating the vehicles contour. The third one is region-based and consists of the 2-D pattern of the vehicle in the image. For each of these features, the performance of the tracking algorithm has been tested, in terms of the position error, stability of the estimated motion parameters, trace of the motion model's covariance matrix, as well as computing time. A comparison of these results appears in favor of the use of the bounding box features.
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Research group Computer Vision and Multimedia Laboratory
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GIL MILANESE, Sylvia, MILANESE, Ruggero, PUN, Thierry. Feature selection for object tracking in traffic scenes. In: Richard J. Becherer (Ed.). Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems. Boston (USA). [s.l.] : [s.n.], 1994. p. 253-266. (SPIE Proceedings; 2344) https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:47755

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