Proceedings chapter
Open access

Rotation, scale and translation invariant digital image watermarking

Presented at Santa Barbara (CA), 26-29 Oct 1997
Publication date1997

A digital watermark is an invisible mark embedded in a digital image which may be used for Copyright Protection. This paper describes how Fourier-Mellin transform-based invariants can be used for digital image watermarking. The embedded marks are designed to be unaffected by any combination of rotation, scale and translation transformations. The original image is not required for extracting the embedded mark.

  • Watermarking
  • Cryptography
  • Digital images
  • Discrete cosine transforms
  • Humans
  • Image coding
  • Image recognition
  • Robustness
  • Spread spectrum communication
  • Visual system
Citation (ISO format)
O’RUANAIDH, Joséph John, PUN, Thierry. Rotation, scale and translation invariant digital image watermarking. In: IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, 1997. Proceedings (ICIP 97). Santa Barbara (CA). [s.l.] : [s.n.], 1997. p. 536–539. doi: 10.1109/ICIP.1997.647968
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