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Accelerated tryptic digestion for the analysis of biopharmaceutical monoclonal antibodies in plasma by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection

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Published in Journal of Chromatography. A. 2010, vol. 1217, p. 57-64
Abstract Accelerated tryptic digestion of a therapeutic protein including microwave irradiation and thermal transfer by convection at 60 °C and 37 °C was investigated. An analytical setup was devised to follow the protein digestion rate using 1D gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography coupled a triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer. The formation kinetic of its tryptic peptides was monitored in the selected monitoring mode (LC-SRM/MS). Different digestion end points (e.g. 2, 5, 10, 15, 30 and 60 min) as well as an overnight digestion were tested using a therapeutic human monoclonal antibody (mAb) with the goal of its LC-SRM/MS quantification in human plasma. The peptides from the human mAb were generated at different rates and were classified into three categories: (1) the fast forming peptides, (2) the slow forming peptides and (3) the peptides degrading over time. For many monitored peptides, a heating temperature of 37 °C with a 750 rpm mixing applied for at least 30 min provided equivalent results to microwave-assisted digestion and generally allowed the achievement of an equivalent peptide concentration as an overnight digestion carried out at 37 °C. The disappearance of the protein of the heavy and light chains can be monitored by 1D gel electrophoresis but was found not to be representative of the final tryptic peptide concentrations. For quantitative purposes a stable isotope labeled version (13C4, 15N1) of the therapeutic protein was used. The labeled protein as internal standard was found to be very efficient to compensate for incomplete digestion or losses during sample preparation.
Keywords Liquid chromatographyMass spectrometrySelected reaction monitoringProteinsMonoclonal antibodiesAccelerated tryptic digestion
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LESUR, Antoine, VARESIO, Emmanuel, HOPFGARTNER, Gerard. Accelerated tryptic digestion for the analysis of biopharmaceutical monoclonal antibodies in plasma by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection. In: Journal of Chromatography. A, 2010, vol. 1217, p. 57-64. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:4715

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Deposited on : 2010-01-11

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