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Triassic pelagic deposits of Timor: palaeogeographic and sea-level implications

Villeneuve, M.
Cornée, J.-J.
Krystyn, L.
Cirilli, S.
de Wever, P.
Dumitrica, P.
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Published in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 2000, vol. 160, p. 123-151
Abstract In West Timor, Triassic deposits are found in the Parautochthonous Complex, as well as in the Allochthonous series of Sonnebait. A detailed biostratigraphic investigation, integrating field observations and facies analysis, allowed the reconstruction of a synthetic lithostratigraphic succession for the Upper Triassic; a stratigraphic transition from Carnian shales to Upper Norian–Rhaetian limestones is also shown by this study. The fossil content predominantly originates from an open marine environment; lithostratigraphic Units A–E are dated on the basis of radiolaria and palynomorphs, and Unit H, on ammonites and conodonts. The presence of pelagic bioclasts, together with normal grading, horizontal laminations, and current ripples, is indicative of a distal slope to basin environment. The ammonite rich condensed limestone of Unit H was deposited on a ‘pelagic carbonate plateau' exposed to storms and currents. The organic facies have been used as criteria for biostratigraphy, palaeoenvironmental interpretation, and sequence stratigraphy. The palaeontological analysis of the Triassic succession of West Timor is based on the investigation of radiolaria and palynomorphs, in the marls and limestones of Units A–E, and also on ammonites and conodonts in the condensed limestone of Unit H. Units A and B are Carnian (Cordevolian) in age, based on the occurrence of the palynomorph Camerosporites secatus, associated with ‘Lueckisporites' cf. singhii, Vallasporites ignacii, Patinosporites densus and Partitisporites novimundanus. Unit C is considered as Norian, on the basis of a relatively high percentage of Gliscopollis meyeriana and Granuloperculatipollis rudis. Unit D contains significant palynomorphs and radiolaria; the organic facies, characterized by marine elements, is dominated by the Norian dinocysts Heibergella salebrosacea and Heibergella aculeata; the radiolaria confirm the Norian age. They range from the lowermost Norian to the lower Upper Norian. Unit E also contains radiolaria, associated in the upper part with the well-known marker of the Upper Norian, Monotis salinaria. For Unit E, the radiolaria attest to a Lower to Upper Norian age based on the occurrence of Capnodoce and abundant Capnuchosphaera; the upper part is Upper Norian to Rhaetian based on the presence of Livarella valida. Finally, the blocks of condensed limestone with ammonites and conodonts of Unit H allowed the reconstruction of a synthetic stratigraphic succession of Upper Carnian to Upper Norian age. Our stratigraphic datalead to the suggestion that the Allochthonous complex, classically interpreted as a tectonic melange of the accretionary prism of the Island Arc of Banda, is a tectonically dismembered part of a Triassic lithostratigraphic succession.
Keywords AmmonoideaConodontapalynomorphsradiolariasedimentologyTimorTriassic
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Research group Sedimentology, Biostratigraphy and Micropaleontology
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MARTINI, Rossana et al. Triassic pelagic deposits of Timor: palaeogeographic and sea-level implications. In: Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 2000, vol. 160, p. 123-151. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:4692

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Deposited on : 2009-12-22

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