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Molecular detection of circulating beta-cells after islet transplantation

Ritz-Laser, Beate
Brulhart, Marie-Claude
Zakrzewska, Katerina
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Published in Diabetes. 2002, vol. 51, no. 3, p. 557-61
Abstract Islet transplantation is a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes. However, islet grafts are submitted to multiple injuries, including immunosuppressive drug toxicity, hyperglycemia, hypoxia, unspecific inflammatory reactions, as well as allo- and autoimmune destruction. Therapeutic approaches to these damage mechanisms require early detection of islet injury, which is currently not feasible because of the lack of efficient markers. Based on the hypothesis of islet dissociation and release of islet cells into the circulation during islet injury, we designed a highly sensitive and specific molecular assay, able to detect two beta-cells per milliliter of venous blood by RT-PCR of insulin mRNA. We report that circulating beta-cells can be demonstrated up to 10 weeks after intraportal islet transplantation, as assessed after six islet grafts in four type 1 diabetic patients. Furthermore, our results suggest that the time during which circulating islet cells can be detected may depend on the graft environment and the immunosuppressive regimen. This test may allow better estimation of islet cell loss and identification of factors involved in islet graft injury.
Keywords AdultAgedC-Peptide/bloodCell CountDiabetes Mellitus, Type 1/blood/surgeryFemaleHemoglobin A, Glycosylated/analysisHumansImmunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosageInsulin/geneticsIslets of Langerhans/chemistry/pathologyIslets of Langerhans TransplantationMaleMiddle AgedRNA, Messenger/analysisReverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
PMID: 11872650
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Article (Published version) (116 Kb) - public document Free access
Research groups Chirurgie viscérale (104)
Diabète et régulation des gènes (36)
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RITZ-LASER, Beate et al. Molecular detection of circulating beta-cells after islet transplantation. In: Diabetes, 2002, vol. 51, n° 3, p. 557-61. doi: 10.2337/diabetes.51.3.557 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:46449

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Deposited on : 2015-02-05

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