Scientific article

Preoperative intraaortic balloon pump for salvage myocardial revascularization

ContributorsChristenson, Jan
Published inAsian cardiovascular and thoracic annals, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 302-305
Publication date2002

The benefit of preoperative intraaortic balloon pumping on hospital and 1-year mortality was assessed in 17 consecutive patients with cardiogenic shock who underwent salvage coronary artery bypass surgery between January 1996 and May 2000. Mean preoperative cardiac index was 1.57 +/- 0 23 L.min(-1).m(-2). Hemodynamic stability was achieved prior to surgery in 14 patients, and mean cardiac index increased to 2.28 +/- 0.64 L.min(-1).m(-2). Hospital mortality was 5.9% (1 patient). Five patients required postoperative intraaortic balloon pumping because of low cardiac output. The duration of intensive care, hospital stay, and the total procedural cost were similar to those reported for high-risk coronary bypass grafting. Cardiac event-free survival was 88.2% (15/17) at 1 year. Intraaortic balloon pumping promises to be an effective therapy for patients in cardiogenic shock who subsequently undergo surgical myocardial revascularization as a salvage procedure.

  • Aged
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Myocardial Revascularization
  • Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
  • Preoperative Care
  • Salvage Therapy
  • Shock, Cardiogenic/mortality/surgery
  • Survival Rate
  • Time Factors
Citation (ISO format)
CHRISTENSON, Jan. Preoperative intraaortic balloon pump for salvage myocardial revascularization. In: Asian cardiovascular and thoracic annals, 2002, vol. 10, n° 4, p. 302–305. doi: 10.1177/021849230201000404
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0218-4923

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