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Scientific article
English

A multi-center retrospective analysis of treatment effects and quality of life in adult patients with cranial ependymomas

Published inJournal of neuro-oncology, vol. 114, no. 3, p. 319-327
Publication date2013
Abstract

Long term quality of life data of adult patients harboring intracranial ependymomas have not been reported. The role of adjuvant radiation therapy in Grade II ependymomas is unclear and differs from study to study. We therefore sought to retrospectively analyze outcome and quality of life of adult patients that were operated on intracranial ependymomas at four different surgical centers in two countries. All patients were attempted to be contacted via telephone to assess quality of life (QoL) at the time of the telephone interview. The standard EORTC QoL Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the EORTC QLQ-Brain Cancer Module (QLQ-BN20) were used. 64 adult patients with intracranial ependymomas were included in the study. The only factor that was associated with increased survival was age <55 years (p < 0.001). Supratentorial location was correlated with shorter progression free survival than infratentorial location (PFS; p = 0.048). In WHO Grade II tumors local irradiation did not lead to increased PFS (p = 0.888) or overall survival (p = 0.801). Even for incompletely resected Grade II tumors local irradiation did not lead to a benefit in PFS (p = 0.911). In a multivariate analysis of QoL, irradiated patients had significantly worse scores in the item "fatigue" (p = 0.037) than non-irradiated patients. Here we present QoL data of adult patients with intracranial ependymomas. Our data show that local radiation therapy may have long-term effects on patients' QoL. Since in the incompletely resected Grade II tumors local irradiation did not lead to a benefit in PFS in this retrospective study, prospective randomized studies are necessary. In addition to age, supratentorial tumor location is associated with a worse prognosis in adult ependymoma patients.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Neoplasms/mortality/pathology/therapy
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Cranial Irradiation
  • Ependymoma/mortality/pathology/therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurosurgical Procedures
  • Prognosis
  • Quality of Life
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Young Adult
Citation (ISO format)
DÜTZMANN, Stephan et al. A multi-center retrospective analysis of treatment effects and quality of life in adult patients with cranial ependymomas. In: Journal of neuro-oncology, 2013, vol. 114, n° 3, p. 319–327. doi: 10.1007/s11060-013-1187-2
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ISSN of the journal0167-594X
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