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Isobaric versus hypobaric spinal bupivacaine for total hip arthroplasty in the lateral position

Published in Anesthesia and analgesia. 2003, vol. 97, no. 2, p. 589-94,tableofcontents
Abstract Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is frequently performed under spinal anesthesia using either isobaric or hypobaric anesthetic solution. However, these two solutions have never been compared under similar surgical conditions. In the present study, we compared the anesthetic and hemodynamic effects of isobaric and hypobaric bupivacaine in 40 ASA physical status I-II patients undergoing THA in the lateral decubitus position under spinal anesthesia. With operative side up, patients randomly received, in a double-blinded manner, a spinal injection of 3.5 mL (17.5 mg) of plain bupivacaine mixed with either 1.5 mL of normal saline (isobaric group) or 1.5 mL of distilled water (hypobaric group). Sensory level and degree of motor block were evaluated on the nondependent and dependent sides until regression to L2 and total motor recovery. Hemodynamic changes during the first 45 min after spinal injection, and the time between spinal administration and first analgesic for a pain score >3 (on a 0-10 scale) were noted. Demographic characteristics of both groups were comparable. Upper sensory level and maximal degree of motor block were comparable between the operative and nonoperative sides in each group and between corresponding sides in both groups. Compared with the isobaric group, in the hypobaric group there was a prolonged time to sensory regression to L2 on the operative side (287 +/- 51 versus 242 +/- 36 min, P < 0.004) and a prolonged time to first analgesic (290 +/- 46 versus 237 +/- 39 min, P < 0.001). No difference in quality of motor block was noted at the end of surgery. Hemodynamic changes were comparable. We conclude that for THA in the lateral position, spinal hypobaric bupivacaine seems to be superior to isobaric in that it prolongs the sensory block on the operative side and delays the use of analgesics after surgery without further compromising hemodynamic stability.
Keywords Anesthesia, SpinalAnesthetics, Local/administration & dosageArthroplasty, Replacement, HipBupivacaine/administration & dosageDouble-Blind MethodFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedMovementNerve BlockPostureSensation
PMID: 12873959
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Research group Chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologique (98)
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FAUST, Alexandre et al. Isobaric versus hypobaric spinal bupivacaine for total hip arthroplasty in the lateral position. In: Anesthesia and analgesia, 2003, vol. 97, n° 2, p. 589-94,tableofcontents. doi: 10.1213/01.ANE.0000070228.13782.ED https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:45078

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Deposited on : 2015-01-13

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