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AhR signalling and dioxin toxicity

Published in Toxicology letters. 2014, vol. 230, no. 2, p. 225-33
Abstract Dioxins are a family of molecules associated to several industrial accidents such as Ludwigshafen in 1953 or Seveso in 1976, to the Agent Orange used during the war of Vietnam, and more recently to the poisoning of the former president of Ukraine, Victor Yushchenko. These persistent organic pollutants are by-products of industrial activity and bind to an intracellular receptor, AhR, with a high potency. In humans, exposure to dioxins, in particular 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induces a cutaneous syndrome known as chloracne, consisting in the development of many small skin lesions (hamartoma), lasting for 2-5 years. Although TCDD has been classified by the WHO as a human carcinogen, its carcinogenic potential to humans is not clearly demonstrated. It was first believed that AhR activation accounted for most, if not all, biological properties of dioxins. However, certain AhR agonists found in vegetables do not induce chloracne, and other chemicals, in particular certain therapeutic agents, may induce a chloracne-like syndrome without activating AhR. It is time to rethink the mechanism of dioxin toxicity and analyse in more details the biological events following exposure to these compounds and other AhR agonists, some of which have a very different chemical structure than TCDD. In particular various food-containing AhR agonists are non-toxic and may on the contrary have beneficial properties to human health.
Keywords AnimalsChloracne/etiologyHumansNeoplasms/chemically inducedReceptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/drug effects/physiologyReproduction/drug effectsSignal Transduction/drug effectsSkin/drug effectsTetrachlorodibenzodioxin/toxicity
PMID: 24239782
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Research group La recherche en biochimie dermatologique (652)
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SORG, Olivier. AhR signalling and dioxin toxicity. In: Toxicology Letters, 2014, vol. 230, n° 2, p. 225-33. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2013.10.039 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:45053

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Deposited on : 2015-01-13

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