en
Scientific article
Review
French

Dermatite atopique et allergies alimentaires

Published inRevue médicale suisse, vol. 3, no. 108, p. 1038-1043
Publication date2007
Abstract

Around 13% of children in Switzerland are affected by atopic dermatitis. Cutaneous defects with increased water loss and allergens permeability are hallmark of the disease. The prevalence of food allergy in children with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis is estimated to be 34%, mostly to eggs, milk and peanuts. Food allergy can cause immediate reactions with urticaria and anaphylaxis or delayed flares of eczema. In older patients and adults, exposition to respiratory allergens (dust mites, pollen) can also cause an exacerbation of the eczema. Allergy testing identifies patients with atopy, who are at greater risk of rhinitis and asthma. Skin prick tests, in vitro tests and food challenges can identify a concomitant allergy, leading to specific allergen avoidance mea-sures potentially improving skin symptoms.

Keywords
  • Dermatitis, Atopic/complications/diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Food Hypersensitivity/complications
  • Humans
Citation (ISO format)
BENHAMOU, Avigael Hanna, EIGENMANN, Philippe. Dermatite atopique et allergies alimentaires. In: Revue médicale suisse, 2007, vol. 3, n° 108, p. 1038–1043.
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Article (Published version)
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1660-9379
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