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The Local Larmor Clock, Partial Densities of States, and Mesoscopic Physics

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Published in Muga, J.G., Sala Mayato, R., and Egusquiza, I.L. Time in Quantum Mechanics. Berlin: Springer. 2002, p. 256-278
Collection Lecture Notes in Physics
Abstract The local Larmor clock is used to derive a hierarchy of local densities of states. At the bottom of this hierarchy are the partial density of states for which represent the contribution to the local density of states if both the incident and outgoing scattering channel are prescribed. On the next higher level is the injectivity which represents the contribution to the local density of states if only the incident channel is prescribed regardless of the final scattering channel. The injectivity is related by reciprocity to the emissivity of a point into a quantum channel. The sum of all partial density of states or the sum of all injectivities or the sum of all emissivities is equal to the local density of states. The use of the partial density of states is illustrated for a number of different electron transport problems in mesoscopic physics: The transmission from a tunneling tip into a mesoscopic conductor, the discussion of inelastic or phase breaking scattering with a voltage probe, and the ac-conductance of mesoscopic conductors. The transition from a capacitive response (positive time-delay) to an inductive response (negative time-delay) for a quantum point contact is used to illustrate the difficulty in associating time-scales with a linear response analysis. A brief discussion of the off-diagonal elements of a partial density of states matrix is presented. The off-diagonal elements permit to investigate carrier fluctuations away from the average carrier density. The work concludes with a discussion of the relation between the partial density of states matrix and the Wigner-Smith delay time matrix.
Keywords Quantum Physics
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ISBN: 978-3-540-43294-4
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BUTTIKER, Markus. The Local Larmor Clock, Partial Densities of States, and Mesoscopic Physics. In: Muga, J.G., Sala Mayato, R., and Egusquiza, I.L. (Ed.). Time in Quantum Mechanics. Berlin : Springer, 2002. p. 256-278. (Lecture Notes in Physics) https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:4481

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Deposited on : 2009-12-01

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