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Application of adaptive kinetic modelling for bias propagation reduction in direct 4D image reconstruction

Kotasidis, F A
Matthews, J C
Reader, A J
Angelis, G I
Published in Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2014, vol. 59, no. 20, p. 6061-84
Abstract Parametric imaging in thoracic and abdominal PET can provide additional parameters more relevant to the pathophysiology of the system under study. However, dynamic data in the body are noisy due to the limiting counting statistics leading to suboptimal kinetic parameter estimates. Direct 4D image reconstruction algorithms can potentially improve kinetic parameter precision and accuracy in dynamic PET body imaging. However, construction of a common kinetic model is not always feasible and in contrast to post-reconstruction kinetic analysis, errors in poorly modelled regions may spatially propagate to regions which are well modelled. To reduce error propagation from erroneous model fits, we implement and evaluate a new approach to direct parameter estimation by incorporating a recently proposed kinetic modelling strategy within a direct 4D image reconstruction framework. The algorithm uses a secondary more general model to allow a less constrained model fit in regions where the kinetic model does not accurately describe the underlying kinetics. A portion of the residuals then is adaptively included back into the image whilst preserving the primary model characteristics in other well modelled regions using a penalty term that trades off the models. Using fully 4D simulations based on dynamic [(15)O]H2O datasets, we demonstrate reduction in propagation-related bias for all kinetic parameters. Under noisy conditions, reductions in bias due to propagation are obtained at the cost of increased noise, which in turn results in increased bias and variance of the kinetic parameters. This trade-off reflects the challenge of separating the residuals arising from poor kinetic modelling fits from the residuals arising purely from noise. Nonetheless, the overall root mean square error is reduced in most regions and parameters. Using the adaptive 4D image reconstruction improved model fits can be obtained in poorly modelled regions, leading to reduced errors potentially propagating to regions of interest which the primary biologic model accurately describes. The proposed methodology, however, depends on the secondary model and choosing an optimal model on the residual space is critical in improving model fits.
PMID: 25254427
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Article (Published version) (3.2 MB) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Research group Imagerie Médicale (TEP et TEMP) (542)
Project FNS: SNF 31003A-149957
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KOTASIDIS, F A et al. Application of adaptive kinetic modelling for bias propagation reduction in direct 4D image reconstruction. In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2014, vol. 59, n° 20, p. 6061-84. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:44441

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Deposited on : 2015-01-05

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