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Investigation of the Possible Functions of PACAP in Human Trophoblast Cells

Horvath, G.
Reglodi, D.
Brubel, R.
Halasz, M.
Barakonyi, A.
Tamas, A.
Fabian, E.
Opper, B.
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Published in Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. 2014, vol. 54, no. 3, p. 320-330
Abstract Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is an endogenous neuropeptide having a widespread distribution both in the nervous system and peripheral organs including the female reproductive system. Both the peptide and its receptors have been shown in the placenta but its role in placental growth, especially its human aspects, remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of PACAP on invasion, proliferation, cell survival, and angiogenesis of trophoblast cells. Furthermore, cytokine production was investigated in human decidual and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. For in vitro studies, human invasive proliferative extravillous cytotrophoblast (HIPEC) cells and HTR-8/SVneo human trophoblast cells were used. Both cell types were used for testing the effects of PACAP on invasion and cell survival in order to investigate whether the effects of PACAP in trophoblasts depend on the examined cell type. Invasion was studied by standardized invasion assay. PACAP increased proliferation in HIPEC cells, but not in HTR-8 cells. Cell viability was examined using MTT test, WST-1 assay, and annexin V/propidium iodide flow cytometry assay. Survival of HTR-8/SVneo cells was studied under oxidative stress conditions induced by hydrogen peroxide. PACAP as pretreatment, but not as co-treatment, significantly increased the number of surviving HTR-8 cells. Viability of HIPEC cells was investigated using methotrexate (MTX) toxicity, but PACAP1-38 could not counteract its toxic effect. Angiogenic molecules were determined both in the supernatant and the cell lysate by angiogenesis array. In the supernatant, we found that PACAP decreased the secretion of various angiogenic markers, such as angiopoietin, angiogenin, activin, endoglin, ADAMTS-1, and VEGF. For the cytokine assay, human decidual and peripheral blood lymphocytes were separated and treated with PACAP1-38. Th1 and Th2 cytokines were analyzed with CBA assay and the results showed that there were no significant differences in control and PACAP-treated cells. In summary, PACAP seems to play various roles in human trophoblast cells, depending on the cell type and microenvironmental influences.
PMID: 24874580
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Other version: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12031-014-0337-0
Research group Laboratoire de biologie des tumeurs gynécologiques et du développement (927)
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HORVATH, G. et al. Investigation of the Possible Functions of PACAP in Human Trophoblast Cells. In: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 2014, vol. 54, n° 3, p. 320-330. doi: 10.1007/s12031-014-0337-0 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:44353

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Deposited on : 2015-01-05

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