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Pre-interventional haemostatic assessment: Guidelines from the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care

Ajzenberg, Nadine
Schved, Jean-François
Molliex, Serge
Samama, Charles-Marc
Published in European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2013, vol. 30, no. 4, p. 142-62
Abstract Recently the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (Société Française d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation [SFAR]) issued recommendations for the prescription of routine preoperative testing before a surgical or non-surgical procedure, requiring any type of anaesthesia. Thirty clinical specialists performed a systematic analysis of the literature, and recommendations were then developed using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) system. One part of these guidelines is dedicated to haemostatic assessment. The goal of pre-anaesthetic screening for congenital or acquired haemostatic disorders is to prevent perioperative haemorrhagic complications through appropriate medical and surgical management. Preoperative assessment of bleeding risk requires a detailed patient interview to determine any personal or family history of haemorrhagic diathesis, and a physical examination is necessary in order to detect signs of coagulopathy. Laboratory investigation of haemostasis should be prescribed, not systematically, but depending on clinical evaluation and patient history. Standard tests (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, platelet count) have a low positive predictive value for bleeding risk in the general population. Patients with no history of haemorrhagic diathesis and no conditions liable to interfere with haemostasis should not undergo pre-interventional haemostasis testing. Conversely, the existence of a positive history or a disease that could interfere with haemostasis should be an indication for clinically appropriate testing.
Keywords Anesthesia/methodsHemorrhage/prevention & controlHemostasis/physiologyHemostatic Disorders/diagnosisHumansPreoperative Care/methods
PMID: 23435255
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Research group Troubles de mémoire et maladie d'Alzeimer (935)
(ISO format)
BONHOMME, Fanny et al. Pre-interventional haemostatic assessment: Guidelines from the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. In: European Journal of Anaesthesiology, 2013, vol. 30, n° 4, p. 142-62. doi: 10.1097/EJA.0b013e32835f66cd https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:43378

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Deposited on : 2014-12-15

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