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Scientific article
English

Function of both sinusoidal and canalicular transporters controls the concentration of organic anions within hepatocytes

Published inMolecular pharmacology, vol. 71, no. 4, p. 1089-1097
Publication date2007
Abstract

We hypothesized that the function of both sinusoidal and canalicular transporters importantly controls the concentrations of organic anions within normal hepatocytes. Consequently, we investigated how acute transport regulation of the sinusoidal organic anion transporting polypeptides (Oatps) and the canalicular multidrug resistance associated protein 2 (Mrp(2)) determines the hepatic concentrations of the organic anion gadolinium benzyloxypropionictetraacetate (BOPTA) in rat livers. Livers were perfused with labeled BOPTA in different experimental settings that modify the function of Oatps and Mrp(2) through the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway. Intrahepatic concentrations were continuously measured with a gamma probe placed above rat livers. Labeled BOPTA was also measured in perfusate and bile. We showed that when the function of Oatps and Mrp(2) is modified in such a way that BOPTA entry and exit are similarly decreased, concentrations of organic anions within hepatocytes remain unaltered. When exit through Mrp(2) is abolished, hepatic concentrations are high if entry through Oatps is only slightly decreased (livers without Mrp(2) expression) or low if BOPTA uptake is more importantly decreased (livers perfused with a PKC activator). These results highlight that the function of both sinusoidal and canalicular transporters is important to determine the concentration of organic anions within hepatocytes.

Keywords
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Anions/pharmacokinetics
  • Biological Transport
  • Hepatocytes/metabolism
  • Liver/cytology/metabolism
  • Organic Anion Transporters/metabolism
  • Organic Chemicals/pharmacokinetics
  • Protein Kinase C/metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Citation (ISO format)
PLANCHAMP MESSEILLER, Corinne et al. Function of both sinusoidal and canalicular transporters controls the concentration of organic anions within hepatocytes. In: Molecular pharmacology, 2007, vol. 71, n° 4, p. 1089–1097. doi: 10.1124/mol.106.030759
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ISSN of the journal0026-895X
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