en
Scientific article
English

Modelling the future CO2 abatement potentials of energy efficiency and CCS: The case of the Dutch industry

Published inInternational journal of greenhouse gas control, vol. 18, p. 23-37
Publication date2013
Abstract

Reaching the long term goals of climate policies requires the implementation of a portfolio of measures. This paper quantifies the potentials of energy efficiency technologies and CO2 capture and storage (CCS) for seven Dutch industry sectors between 2008 and 2040. Economically viable energy efficiency technologies offer carbon dioxide (CO2) emission reduction potentials of 25 ± 8% in 2040 compared to 1990 levels. Economically viable CCS options can raise the industry's total emission reductions to 39–47%. These potentials require abatement costs above 90 € (Euro) per tonne CO2, but they are still not sufficient to reach European Union's long term emission reduction plans. While economically viable potentials of improving energy efficiency may exist in all sectors (energy efficiency improvements of 2% per annum (p.a.)), attractive CCS potentials exist in the fertilizer, basic metal and refinery sectors with abatement costs estimated at 25–120 €/t CO2 for 2040. Implementing CCS in these sectors would reduce total industry's primary energy efficiency improvement rates from 2% to 1.6% p.a. and would increase total industrial energy use by at least 10%. Reaching higher emission reductions in the Dutch industry will require the implementation of a portfolio of measures including energy and materials efficiency, renewables and CCS.

Keywords
  • CO2 emissions modelling
  • Energy efficiency
  • CCS
  • Trade-offs between low carbon technologies
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
SAYGIN, D. et al. Modelling the future CO<sub>2</sub> abatement potentials of energy efficiency and CCS: The case of the Dutch industry. In: International journal of greenhouse gas control, 2013, vol. 18, p. 23–37. doi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.05.032
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1878-0148
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