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Title

Forecasting global developments in the basic chemical industry for environmental policy analysis

Authors
Broeren, M.L.M.
Saygin, D.
Published in Energy Policy. 2014, vol. 64, p. 273-287
Abstract The chemical sector is the largest industrial energy user, but detailed analysis of its energy use developments lags behind other energy-intensive sectors. A cost-driven forecasting model for basic chemicals production is developed, accounting for regional production costs, demand growth and stock turnover. The model determines the global production capacity placement, implementation of energy-efficient Best Practice Technology (BPT) and global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for the period 2010–2030. Subsequently, the effects of energy and climate policies on these parameters are quantified. About 60% of new basic chemical production capacity is projected to be placed in non-OECD regions by 2030 due to low energy prices. While global production increases by 80% between 2010 and 2030, the OECD's production capacity share decreases from 40% to 20% and global emissions increase by 50%. Energy pricing and climate policies are found to reduce 2030 CO2 emissions by 5–15% relative to the baseline developments by increasing BPT implementation. Maximum BPT implementation results in a 25% reduction. Further emission reductions require measures beyond energy-efficient technologies. The model is useful to estimate general trends related to basic chemicals production, but improved data from the chemical sector is required to expand the analysis to additional technologies and chemicals.
Keywords Industrial cost-competitivenessScenario analysisEnergy efficiency
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BROEREN, M.L.M., SAYGIN, D., PATEL, Martin Kumar. Forecasting global developments in the basic chemical industry for environmental policy analysis. In: Energy Policy, 2014, vol. 64, p. 273-287. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:43310

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Deposited on : 2014-12-15

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