UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:42378  next document
add to browser collection

Compliance with the Swiss Society for Nutrition's dietary recommendations in the population of Geneva, Switzerland: a 10-year trend study (1999-2009)

de Abreu, Daisy
Marques-Vidal, Pedro
Published in Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2014, vol. 114, no. 5, p. 774-80
Abstract The trends in compliance with the dietary recommendations of the Swiss Society for Nutrition in the Geneva population were assessed for the period from 1999 to 2009 using 10 cross-sectional, population-based surveys (Bus Santé study) with a total of 9,320 participants aged 35 to 75 years (50% women). Dietary intake was assessed using a self-administered, validated, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Trends were assessed by logistic regression adjusting for age, smoking status, education, and nationality using survey year as the independent variable. After excluding participants with extreme intakes, the percentage of participants with a cholesterol intake of <300 mg/day increased from 40.8% in 1999 to 43.6% in 2009 for men (multivariate-adjusted P for trend=0.04) and from 57.8% to 61.4% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trend=0.06). Calcium intake >1 g/day decreased from 53.3% to 46% in men and from 47.6% to 40.7% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trend<0.001). Adequate iron intake decreased from 68.3% to 65.3% in men and from 13.3% to 8.4% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trend<0.001). Conversely, no significant changes were observed for carbohydrates, protein, total fat (including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids), fiber, and vitamins D and A. We conclude that the quality of the Swiss diet did not improve between 1999 and 2009 and that intakes deviate substantially from expert recommendations for health promotion and chronic disease risk reduction.
Keywords AdultAgedBody Mass IndexCross-Sectional StudiesDietDiet SurveysDietary Carbohydrates/administration & dosageDietary Fats/administration & dosageDietary Fiber/administration & dosageDietary Proteins/administration & dosageEnergy IntakeFatty Acids, Monounsaturated/administration & dosageFatty Acids, Unsaturated/administration & dosageFemaleFood HabitsHealth PromotionHumansLogistic ModelsMaleMicronutrients/administration & dosageMiddle AgedMultivariate AnalysisNutrition AssessmentNutritional StatusPatient ComplianceQuestionnairesRecommended Dietary AllowancesSwitzerland
PMID: 24144989
Full text
Article (Published version) (196 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Research group Groupe Jean-Michel Gaspoz (23)
(ISO format)
DE ABREU, Daisy et al. Compliance with the Swiss Society for Nutrition's dietary recommendations in the population of Geneva, Switzerland: a 10-year trend study (1999-2009). In: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2014, vol. 114, n° 5, p. 774-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.07.032 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:42378

423 hits

0 download


Deposited on : 2014-12-02

Export document
Format :
Citation style :