UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:42365  next document
add to browser collection
Title

Decreased frontal gyrification correlates with altered connectivity in children with autism

Authors
Published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2013, vol. 7, p. 750
Abstract The structural correlates of functional dysconnectivity in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been seldom explored, despite the fact that altered functional connectivity is one of the most frequent neuropathological observations in the disorder. We analyzed cerebral morphometry and structural connectivity using multi-modal imaging for 11 children/adolescents with ASD and 11 matched controls. We estimated regional cortical and white matter volumes, as well as vertex-wise measures of cortical thickness and local Gyrification Index (lGI). Diffusion Tensor Images (DTI) were used to measure Fractional Anisotropy (FA) and tractography estimates of short- and long-range connectivity. We observed four clusters of lGI reduction in patients with ASD, three were located in the right inferior frontal region extending to the inferior parietal lobe, and one was in the right medial parieto-occipital region. Reduced volume was found in the anterior corpus callosum, along with fewer inter-hemispheric frontal streamlines. Despite the spatial correspondence of decreased gyrification and reduced long connectivity, we did not observe any significant relationship between the two. However, a positive correlation between lGI and local connectivity was present in all four clusters in patients with ASD. Reduced gyrification in the inferior fronto-parietal and posterior medial cortical regions lends support for early-disrupted cortical growth in both the mirror neuron system and midline structures responsible for social cognition. Early impaired neurodevelopment in these regions may represent an initial substrate for altered maturation in the cerebral networks that support complex social skills. We also demonstrate that gyrification changes are related to connectivity. This supports the idea that an imbalance between short- and long-range white matter tracts not only impairs the integration of information from multiple neural systems, but also alters the shape of the brain early on in autism.
Identifiers
PMID: 24265612
Full text
Article (Published version) (2.9 MB) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Structures
Research group Laboratoire d'imagerie et de psychopathologie développementale (693)
Citation
(ISO format)
SCHAER, Marie et al. Decreased frontal gyrification correlates with altered connectivity in children with autism. In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2013, vol. 7, p. 750. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:42365

192 hits

5 downloads

Update

Deposited on : 2014-12-02

Export document
Format :
Citation style :