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Scientific article
English

Long-term energy efficiency analysis requires solid energy statistics: The case of the German basic chemical industry

Published inEnergy, vol. 44, no. 1, p. 1094-1106
Publication date2012
Abstract

Analyzing the chemical industry's energy use is challenging because of the sector's complexity and the prevailing uncertainty in energy use and production data. We develop an advanced bottom-up model (PIE-Plus) which encompasses the energy use of the 139 most important chemical processes. We apply this model in a case study to analyze the German basic chemical industry's energy use and energy efficiency improvements in the period between 1995 and 2008. We compare our results with data from the German Energy Balances and with data published by the International Energy Agency (IEA). We find that our model covers 88% of the basic chemical industry's total final energy use (including non-energy use) as reported in the German Energy Balances. The observed energy efficiency improvements range between 2.2 and 3.5% per year, i.e., they are on the higher side of the values typically reported in literature. Our results point to uncertainties in the basic chemical industry's final energy use as reported in the energy statistics and the specific energy consumption values. More efforts are required to improve the quality of the national and international energy statistics to make them useable for reliable monitoring of energy efficiency improvements of the chemical industry.

Keywords
  • Chemical industry
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy statistics
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
SAYGIN, D. et al. Long-term energy efficiency analysis requires solid energy statistics: The case of the German basic chemical industry. In: Energy, 2012, vol. 44, n° 1, p. 1094–1106. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2012.01.062
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ISSN of the journal0360-5442
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