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Title

Activation of human macrophages by allogeneic islets preparations: inhibition by AOP-RANTES and heparinoids

Authors
Sigrist, Séverine
Bohbot, Alain
Esposito, Guy
Mandes, Karim
Lamartine, Roger
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Published in Immunology. 2004, vol. 111, no. 4, p. 416-21
Abstract During transplantation, pancreatic islets release chemokines which promote macrophage attraction, hampering engraftment of islets. The aim of this study was to modulate chemotaxis and the immune response of human macrophages induced by islets. Human monocyte-derived macrophages of healthy subjects were exposed to supernatants of human islets. Chemotaxis, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) release were evaluated. To modulate migration, human macrophages were incubated in the presence of aminooxypentane-regulated on activation, normal, T-cell expressed, and secreted (AOP-RANTES), a potent antagonist of CCR5. Chemotactic activity of islets supernatant was modulated by the addition of heparin or heparinoids [pentosan and calix[8S]arene (C8S)]. AOP-RANTES significantly reduced, in a dose-dependent manner, macrophage chemotaxis and cytokine release induced by islets supernatant. The chemotactic index was reduced from 3.05 +/- 0.27 to 0.71 +/- 12, TNF-alpha from 1205 +/- 52 to 202 +/- 12 pg/ml, and IL-1beta from 234 +/- 12 to 10 +/- 6 pg/ml. The trapping of chemokines by heparinoids reduced the chemotactic activity of islets supernatant from 3.05 +/- 0.27 to 1.2 +/- 0.1 with heparin or pentosan and to 1.72 +/- 0.22 with C8S, and also decreased the TNF-alpha release by human macrophages from 1205 +/- 35 to 1000 +/- 26 (C8S), 250 +/- 21 (heparin) and 320 +/- 19 (pentosan) pg/ml, and IL-1beta from 234 +/- 13 to 151 +/- 5 (C8S), 50 +/- 3 (heparin) and 57 +/- 4 (pentosan) pg/ml. In conclusion, AOP-RANTES and heparinoids inhibit human macrophage activation and migration induced by islets supernatant.
Keywords AdultAgedCells, CulturedChemokine CCL5/analogs & derivatives/pharmacologyChemotaxis/drug effects/immunologyCoculture TechniquesCulture Media, Conditioned/pharmacologyDose-Response Relationship, ImmunologicHeparinoids/pharmacologyHumansInterleukin-1/metabolismIslets of Langerhans/immunologyMacrophage Activation/drug effectsMacrophages/drug effects/immunologyMiddle AgedReceptors, CCR5/antagonists & inhibitorsTumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
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PMID: 15056378
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Research group Chirurgie viscérale (104)
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SIGRIST, Séverine et al. Activation of human macrophages by allogeneic islets preparations: inhibition by AOP-RANTES and heparinoids. In: Immunology, 2004, vol. 111, n° 4, p. 416-21. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:42133

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Deposited on : 2014-11-24

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