Scientific article

Challenges to the integration of wetlands into IWRM: The case of the Inner Niger Delta (Mali) and the Lobau Floodplain (Austria)

Published inEnvironmental science & policy, vol. 34, p. 58-68
Publication date2013

Wetlands are too often perceived as standalone elements and are poorly integrated into river basin management. The Ramsar Convention recognizes the critical linkage between wetlands, water and river basin management; the governments that are party to the Convention have committed to conserving their wetlands within a framework of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The “Critical Path” approach and related guidance have been adopted by Contracting Parties of the Ramsar Convention in order to effectively integrate wetland conservation and management into river basin management planning and decision-making. However, despite international acceptance of the approach, it is not widely implemented. This paper provides one of the first case study based assessments of the Critical Path approach. The analysis of two contrasting Ramsar sites is presented in order to better understand the barriers to implementation in different development contexts. These are the Lobau wetland in Austria, where management institutions and regulatory frameworks are highly developed; and the Inner Niger Delta in Mali, where the capacity to implement IWRM is less evolved. A planning approach is proposed which involves structured and transparent methods for assessing ecosystem services and institutional capacity, and is suitable as a tool for identifying, prioritizing and negotiating trade-offs in ecosystem services and improving livelihoods. Based on the analysis, two main barriers to implementation are identified; mismatch between local and national or basin level priorities, and a lack of recognition of the ecosystem services provided by wetlands.

  • Wetland management
  • Ramsar Critical Path
  • Ecosystem services
  • Institutional capacity
  • IWRM
Citation (ISO format)
REBELO, L-M. et al. Challenges to the integration of wetlands into IWRM: The case of the Inner Niger Delta (Mali) and the Lobau Floodplain (Austria). In: Environmental science & policy, 2013, vol. 34, p. 58–68. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2012.11.002
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1462-9011

Technical informations

Creation10/31/2014 4:20:00 PM
First validation10/31/2014 4:20:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 10:12:26 PM
Status update03/14/2023 10:12:26 PM
Last indexation10/18/2023 8:23:40 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack