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Scientific article
English

The relevance of ligand exchange kinetics in the measurement of iron speciation by CLE–AdCSV in seawater

Published inMarine chemistry, vol. 173, p. 100-113
Publication date2015
Abstract

CLE–AdCSV (competitive ligand exchange–adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry) has proved to be a decisive technique in recognising the key role that organic matter plays in modulating the biogeochemical cycle of iron in aquatic ecosystems. As themethod requires equilibriumamong all the constituents of the solution before measurements are taken, accurate knowledge of the kinetics of the undergoing ligand exchange is essential. The kinetics of the process has beenmost frequently described in terms of a dissociative (or Eigen–Wilkins)mechanism, with some authors even claiming that, under such approach, iron complexes would dissociate during CLE so slowly that the method would be invalidated. The complexity of the processes—largely exceeding the simple mechanistic description of the Eigen–Wilkins mechanism—is discussed on the basis of a broad overview of possible reaction routes. Evidence of the role of matrix components of natural waters is presented and the impossibility of exporting kinetic constants to systems characterised by different molecular mechanics, mostly ignored in previous studies, is highlighted. Experimental evidence obtained fromvarious methodological approaches allows inferring the range of CLE equilibration times to be applied in CLE–AdCSVmeasurements and further proves that the Eigen–Wilkins mechanism is just one of the many reaction routes applicable in natural waters. Studying iron CLE mechanisms for proposed competing ligands before designing any experiment using CLE–AdCSV is recommended.

Keywords
  • Iron ligand exchange
  • AdCSV
  • Competing ligand equilibrium kinetics
  • Dissociative mechanism
  • Associative mechanism
Citation (ISO format)
LAGLERA BAQUER, Luis Miguel, FILELLA, Montserrat. The relevance of ligand exchange kinetics in the measurement of iron speciation by CLE–AdCSV in seawater. In: Marine chemistry, 2015, vol. 173, p. 100–113. doi: 10.1016/j.marchem.2014.09.005
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ISSN of the journal0304-4203
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