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Role of the Li+ node in the Li-BH 4 substructure of double-cation tetrahydroborates

Published inActa crystallographica. Section B, Structural science, vol. 70, no. 5, p. 871-878
Publication date2014
Abstract

The phase diagram LiBH4-ABH4 (A = Rb,Cs) has been screened and revealed ten new compounds LiiAj(BH4)i+j (A = Rb, Cs), with i, j ranging between 1 and 3, representing eight new structure types amongst homoleptic borohydrides. An approach based on synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction to solve crystal structures and solid-state first principles calculations to refine atomic positions allows characterizing multi-phase ball-milled samples. The Li-BH4 substructure adopts various topologies as a function of the compound's Li content, ranging from one-dimensional isolated chains to three-dimensional networks. It is revealed that the Li+ ion has potential as a surprisingly versatile cation participating in framework building with the tetrahydroborate anion BH4 as a linker, if the framework is stabilized by large electropositive counter-cations. This utility can be of interest when designing novel hydridic frameworks based on alkaline metals and will be of use when exploring the structural and coordination chemistry of light-metal systems otherwise subject to eutectic melting.

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Citation (ISO format)
SCHOUWINK, Pascal, SMRČOK, Ľubomír, CERNY, Radovan. Role of the Li<sup>+</sup> node in the Li-BH <sub>4</sub> substructure of double-cation tetrahydroborates. In: Acta crystallographica. Section B, Structural science, 2014, vol. 70, n° 5, p. 871–878. doi: 10.1107/S2052520614017351
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Creation10/28/2014 4:12:00 PM
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