en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Bentall procedure using cryopreserved valved aortic homografts: mid- to long-term results

Published inTexas Heart Institute journal, vol. 31, no. 4, p. 387-391
Publication date2004
Abstract

The Bentall procedure is the standard operation for patients who have lesions of the ascending aorta associated with aortic valve disease. In many cases, however, mechanical prosthetic conduits are not suitable. There are few reports in the English-language medical literature concerning the mid- to long-term outcome of Bentall operations with cryopreserved homografts. Therefore, we reviewed our experience with this procedure and valved homografts. From January 1997 through December 2002, 21 patients underwent a Bentall operation with cryopreserved homografts at our institution. There were 14 males and 7 females; the mean age was 36 +/- 21 years (range, 15-74 years). Eleven patients had undergone previous aortic valve surgery. All patients had aortic dilatation or aneurysms involving the ascending aorta. Indications for surgery included aortic valve stenosis or insufficiency, and aortic valve endocarditis (native valve or prosthetic). One patient had Takayasu's arteritis and 3 had Marfan syndrome. There was 1 hospital death (due to sepsis), but no other major postoperative complications. The mean hospital stay was 14 +/- 7 days. Follow-up echocardiographic and computed tomographic scans were performed yearly. The mean follow-up was 34 months (6-72 months). Follow-up imaging revealed no calcifications or degenerative processes related to the homograft. Four patients had minimal valve regurgitation. Two patients died during follow-up. The 3-year actuarial survival rate was 85.7%. Our data suggest that the Bentall procedure with a valved homograft conduit is a safe procedure with excellent mid- to long-term results, comparable to results reported with aortic valve replacement with a homograft.

Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aorta/surgery
  • Aortic Aneurysm/complications/surgery
  • Aortic Valve/transplantation
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods
  • Cryopreservation
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Valve Diseases/complications/surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
Citation (ISO format)
CHRISTENSON, Jan et al. Bentall procedure using cryopreserved valved aortic homografts: mid- to long-term results. In: Texas Heart Institute journal, 2004, vol. 31, n° 4, p. 387–391.
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0730-2347
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