UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:4114  next document
add to browser collection
Title

The genetic diversity of three peculiar populations descending from the slave trade: Gm study of Noir Marron from French Guiana

Authors
Brucato, Nicolas
Tortevoye, Patricia
Plancoulaine, Sabine
Guitard, Evelyne
Larrouy, Georges
Gessain, Antoine
Dugoujon, Jean-Michel
Published in Comptes rendus biologies. 2009, vol. 332, no. 10, p. 917-26
Abstract The Noir Marron communities are the direct descendants of African slaves brought to the Guianas during the four centuries (16th to 19th) of the Atlantic slave trade. Among them, three major ethnic groups have been studied: the Aluku, the Ndjuka and the Saramaka. Their history led them to share close relationships with Europeans and Amerindians, as largely documented in their cultural records. The study of Gm polymorphisms of immunoglobulins may help to estimate the amount of gene flow linked to these cultural exchanges. Surprisingly, very low levels of European contribution (2.6%) and Amerindian contribution (1.7%) are detected in the Noir Marron gene pool. On the other hand, an African contribution of 95.7% redraws their origin to West Africa (F(ST) < or = 0.15). This highly preserved African gene pool of the Noir Marron is unique in comparison to other African American populations of Latin America, who are notably more admixed.
Keywords PolymorhismHuman geneticsAfrican population
Identifiers
PMID: 19819412
Full text
Article (Published version) (406 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Structures
Research group Unité d’anthropologie
Citation
(ISO format)
BRUCATO, Nicolas et al. The genetic diversity of three peculiar populations descending from the slave trade: Gm study of Noir Marron from French Guiana. In: Comptes rendus biologies, 2009, vol. 332, n° 10, p. 917-26. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:4114

237 hits

0 download

Update

Deposited on : 2009-11-24

Export document
Format :
Citation style :