en
Scientific article
English

Volume changes of experimental carotid sidewall aneurysms due to embolization with liquid embolic agents: a multidetector CT angiography study

Published inCardiovascular and interventional radiology, vol. 29, no. 6, p. 1053-1059
Publication date2006
Abstract

Iodine-containing polyvinyl alcohol polymer (I-PVAL) is a novel precipitating liquid embolic that allows for artifact-free evaluation of CT angiography (CTA). As accurate aneurysm volumetry can be performed with multidetector CTA, we determined volumes of experimental aneurysms before, immediately after, and 4 weeks after embolization of 14 porcine experimental carotid sidewall aneurysms with this liquid embolic. An automated three-dimensional software measurement tool was used for volumetric analysis of volume-rendering CTA data. Furthermore, intra-aneurysmal pressure changes during liquid embolization were measured in four silicone aneurysms and potential polymer volume changes within 4 weeks were assessed in vitro. Liquid embolic injection was performed during temporary balloon occlusion of the aneurysm neck, resulting in a mean occlusion rate of 98.3%. Aneurysms enlarged significantly during embolization by 61.1 +/- 28.9%, whereas a significant shrinkage of 5.6 +/- 2.7% was observed within the follow-up period. Histologic analysis revealed an inflammatory foreign body reaction with partial polymer degradation. In silicone aneurysm models, intra-aneurysmal pressure remained unchanged during liquid embolic injection, whereas balloon inflation resulted in a mean pressure increase of 31.2 +/- 0.7%. No polymer shrinkage was observed in vitro. The aneurysm enlargement noted was presumably due to pressure elevation after balloon inflation, which resulted in dilatation of the weak venous wall of the newly constructed aneurysm--another shortcoming of this experimental aneurysm model. The volume decrease after 4 weeks expressed partial polymer degradation.

Keywords
  • Angiography, Digital Subtraction
  • Animals
  • Artifacts
  • Balloon Occlusion/adverse effects
  • Carotid Artery, Common/pathology/physiopathology/radiography/surgery
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects
  • Dilatation, Pathologic/etiology/radiography
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Foreign-Body Reaction/etiology/pathology/physiopathology/radiography
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Intracranial Aneurysm/physiopathology/radiography/therapy
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Polyvinyl Alcohol/administration & dosage/adverse effects/metabolism
  • Swine
  • Time Factors
  • Tomography, Spiral Computed
Citation (ISO format)
DUDECK, O. et al. Volume changes of experimental carotid sidewall aneurysms due to embolization with liquid embolic agents: a multidetector CT angiography study. In: Cardiovascular and interventional radiology, 2006, vol. 29, n° 6, p. 1053–1059. doi: 10.1007/s00270-005-2361-5
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0174-1551
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