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EU democratic deficit, Introduce a legislative referendum, but not a “constitutional” referendum, a “constitutional” initiative or a legislative initiative

ContributorsSchwok, René
Publication date2009
Abstract

By examining the case of Switzerland we observed that direct democracy can help develop a public sphere for diversified populations. The European Union could follow this example to develop a greater feeling of identity and legitimacy of its own. Based on our analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of direct democracy, we suggest an optional legislative referendum be promoted on a European level. We find this preferable to a “constitutional” referendum, to a “constitutional” initiative or to a legislative initiative. It is more in keeping with the hybrid nature of EU institutions, which characteristically lack a true European demos.

Keywords
  • European integration
  • European Union Politics
  • External Relations of the EU
  • History of Switzerland
  • EU democracy
  • Democracy in the European Union
  • EU democratic deficit
  • And Democratic Legitimacy of the European Union
Citation (ISO format)
SCHWOK, René. EU democratic deficit, Introduce a legislative referendum, but not a “constitutional” referendum, a “constitutional” initiative or a legislative initiative. In: Reflection Group On the Future of Europe in 2020-2030, 2009.
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  • PID : unige:41010
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