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In vivo clot lysis of human thrombus with intravenous abciximab immunobubbles and ultrasound

Alonso, Angelika
Dempfle, Carl-Erik
Della Martina, Alberto
Stroick, Mark
Fatar, Marc
Zohsel, Katrin
Hennerici, Michael G.
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Published in Thrombosis Research. 2009, vol. 124, no. 1, p. 70-74
Abstract Abciximab immunobubbles have been introduced recently for ultrasonographic molecular imaging of human thrombus. This study investigates the potential of using these novel bubbles for enhancing sonothrombolysis. In particular, it addresses the question of whether ligand targeting of bubbles with abciximab improves the effectiveness of lysis with ultrasound. A partial thrombotic occlusion of the right common carotid artery of 16 rats was produced by insertion of human clot material via an external carotid artery catheter. Rats received abciximab immunobubbles, non-specific control immunobubbles or saline intravenously over 30 minutes in combination with pulsed 2 MHz ultrasound. Blood samples were taken at baseline and 5, 10, 20, 30 and 60 minutes after beginning treatment. Human D-dimer levels for quantification of thrombolysis were analysed by ELISA. Only animals treated with abciximab immunobubbles and ultrasound showed a significant increase of D-dimer levels over time (p = 0.043, linear trend p = 0.037), whereas in the other two groups, no significant increase over time was found. Overall, animals in the abciximab immunobubbles group showed higher plasma D-dimer levels than animals treated with non-specific immunobubbles (p = 0.049) and animals treated with ultrasound alone (p = 0.017). In histological sections, thrombi treated with abciximab immunobubbles and ultrasound showed clear signs of disintegration in contrast to thrombi in both control groups. 2 MHz ultrasound in combination with abciximab immunobubbles induces thrombolysis without lytic agents that is superior to insonation of non-specific immunobubbles.
Keywords AnimalsAntibodies, Monoclonal/administration & dosage/therapeutic useEnzyme-Linked Immunosorbent AssayFibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysisFibrinolysis/drug effectsFibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage/therapeutic useHumansImmunoglobulin Fab Fragments/administration & dosage/therapeutic useInfusions, IntravenousMaleMicrobubblesRatsRats, WistarThrombosis/pathology/therapyTime FactorsTreatment OutcomeUltrasonics
PMID: 19349068
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Research group Technologie pharmaceutique
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ALONSO, Angelika et al. In vivo clot lysis of human thrombus with intravenous abciximab immunobubbles and ultrasound. In: Thrombosis Research, 2009, vol. 124, n° 1, p. 70-74. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2008.11.019 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:4026

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Deposited on : 2009-11-12

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