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Direct Alkalinity Detection with Ion-Selective Chronopotentiometry

Published in Analytical Chemistry. 2014, vol. 86, no. 13, p. 6461-6470
Abstract We explore the possibility to directly measure pH and alkalinity in the sample with the same sensor by imposing an outward flux of hydrogen ions from an ion-selective membrane to the sample solution by an applied current. The membrane consists of a polypropylene-supported liquid membrane doped with a hydrogen ionophore (chromoionophore I), ion exchanger (KTFBP), and lipophilic electrolyte (ETH 500). While the sample pH is measured at zero current, alkalinity is assessed by chronopotentiometry at anodic current. Hydrogen ions expelled from the membrane undergo acid–base solution chemistry and protonate available base in the diffusion layer. With time, base species start to be depleted owing to the constant imposed hydrogen ion flux from the membrane, and a local pH change occurs at a transition time. This pH change (potential readout) is correlated to the concentration of the base in solution. As in traditional chronopotentiometry, the observed square root of transition time (τ) was found to be linear in the concentration range of 0.1 mM to 1 mM, using the bases tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, ammonia, carbonate, hydroxide, hydrogen phosphate, and borate. Numerical simulations were used to predict the concentration profiles and the chronopotentiograms, allowing the discussion of possible limitations of the proposed method and its comparison with volumetric titrations of alkalinity. Finally, the P-alkalinity level is measured in a river sample to demonstrate the analytical usefulness of the proposed method. As a result of these preliminary results, we believe that this approach may become useful for the in situ determination of P-alkalinity in a range of matrixes.
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GHAHRAMAN AFSHAR, Majid et al. Direct Alkalinity Detection with Ion-Selective Chronopotentiometry. In: Analytical Chemistry, 2014, vol. 86, n° 13, p. 6461-6470. doi: 10.1021/ac500968c https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:40157

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Deposited on : 2014-09-10

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