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"I'm not gay.... I'm a real man!": Heterosexual Men's Gender Self-Esteem and Sexual Prejudice

Published inPersonality & social psychology bulletin, vol. 35, no. 9, p. 1233-1243
Publication date2009
Abstract

Five studies examined the hypothesis that heterosexual men, but not heterosexual women, endorse negative attitudes toward homosexuality (i.e., sexual prejudice) in order to maintain a positive gender-related identity that is unambiguously different from a homosexual identity. Studies 1 and 2 showed that men's (but not women's) gender self-esteem (but not personal selfesteem) was positively related to sexual prejudice: The more positive heterosexual men's gender self-esteem, the more negative their attitude toward homosexuality. Studies 3 and 4 showed that this link appears specifically among men motivated to maintain psychological distance from gay men. Study 5 experimentally manipulated the perceived biological differences between homosexual and heterosexual men. The previously observed link between men's gender self-esteem and sexual prejudice appeared in the control and no-differences conditions but disappeared in the differences condition. These findings are discussed in terms of men's attitudes as a defensive function against threat to masculinity.

Keywords
  • Gender self-esteem
  • Intergroup attitudes
  • Sex differences
  • Sexual prejudice
  • Intergroup differentiation
  • Identity threat
  • Biological differences
Citation (ISO format)
FALOMIR PICHASTOR, Juan Manuel, MUGNY, Gabriel. ‘I’m not gay.... I’m a real man!’: Heterosexual Men’s Gender Self-Esteem and Sexual Prejudice. In: Personality & social psychology bulletin, 2009, vol. 35, n° 9, p. 1233–1243. doi: 10.1177/0146167209338072
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0146-1672
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