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"I'm not gay.... I'm a real man!": Heterosexual Men's Gender Self-Esteem and Sexual Prejudice

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Published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2009, vol. 35, no. 9, p. 1233-1243
Abstract Five studies examined the hypothesis that heterosexual men, but not heterosexual women, endorse negative attitudes toward homosexuality (i.e., sexual prejudice) in order to maintain a positive gender-related identity that is unambiguously different from a homosexual identity. Studies 1 and 2 showed that men's (but not women's) gender self-esteem (but not personal selfesteem) was positively related to sexual prejudice: The more positive heterosexual men's gender self-esteem, the more negative their attitude toward homosexuality. Studies 3 and 4 showed that this link appears specifically among men motivated to maintain psychological distance from gay men. Study 5 experimentally manipulated the perceived biological differences between homosexual and heterosexual men. The previously observed link between men's gender self-esteem and sexual prejudice appeared in the control and no-differences conditions but disappeared in the differences condition. These findings are discussed in terms of men's attitudes as a defensive function against threat to masculinity.
Keywords Gender self-esteemIntergroup attitudesSex differencesSexual prejudiceIntergroup differentiationIdentity threatBiological differences
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Other version: http://psp.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/35/9/1233
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Research group Groupe de recherche sur l'influence sociale (GRIS)
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FALOMIR PICHASTOR, Juan Manuel, MUGNY, Gabriel. "I'm not gay.... I'm a real man!": Heterosexual Men's Gender Self-Esteem and Sexual Prejudice. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2009, vol. 35, n° 9, p. 1233-1243. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:4015

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Deposited on : 2009-11-10

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