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Quantitative proteomics reveals the link between minichromosome maintenance complex and glucose-induced proliferation of rat pancreatic INS-1E β-cells

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Published in Journal of Proteomics. 2014, vol. 108C, p. 163-170
Abstract Proper functioning of pancreatic β-cells is a crucial for glucose homeostasis control, and therefore a main problem regarding type 2 diabetes onset and evolution. The ability of β-cells to proliferate upon certain stimuli, such as elevated glucose concentration, is an essential property to overpass a major problem of the pathology: the decrease of β-cell mass leading to a lack of insulin production. However, high glucose concentrations are also an inducer of β-cell dysfunction, when proliferation become unable to overcome insulin demand. The control of β-cell proliferation could represent an interesting target for the development of therapeutic molecules for type 2 diabetes treatment. To get new insights on β-cell replication, we investigated the modulation of nuclear proteins of INS-1E cells submitted to medium and high glucose concentrations for 24h. Indeed, the nucleus should contain proteins responsible of proliferation-related events. The SILAC approach allowed us identifying 24 nuclear proteins whose expressions were modified by chronic high glucose. A wide Downstream Effects Analysis assigned the majority of the differentially expressed proteins to functions such as proliferation and cell cycle. Interestingly, our study linked for the first time the increase of expression of the 6 MCM components to glucose-induced stimulation in β-cells.
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PMID: 24880042
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Research group Groupe de Protéomique biomédicale (635)
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SCHVARTZ, Domitille, COUTE, Yohann, SANCHEZ, Jean-Charles. Quantitative proteomics reveals the link between minichromosome maintenance complex and glucose-induced proliferation of rat pancreatic INS-1E β-cells. In: Journal of Proteomics, 2014, vol. 108C, p. 163-170. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:39658

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Deposited on : 2014-08-25

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