Scientific article
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Observation of single top quark production and measurement of |Vtb| with CDF

ContributorsCDF Collaboration
Publication date2010

We report the observation of electroweak single top quark production in 3.2  fb−1 of pp collision data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab at s√=1.96  TeV. Candidate events in the W+jets topology with a leptonically decaying W boson are classified as signal-like by four parallel analyses based on likelihood functions, matrix elements, neural networks, and boosted decision trees. These results are combined using a super discriminant analysis based on genetically evolved neural networks in order to improve the sensitivity. This combined result is further combined with that of a search for a single top quark signal in an orthogonal sample of events with missing transverse energy plus jets and no charged lepton. We observe a signal consistent with the standard model prediction but inconsistent with the background-only model by 5.0 standard deviations, with a median expected sensitivity in excess of 5.9 standard deviations. We measure a production cross section of 2.3+0.6−0.5(stat+sys)  pb, extract the value of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element |Vtb|=0.91+0.11−0.11(stat+sys)±0.07  (theory), and set a lower limit |Vtb|>0.71 at the 95% C.L., assuming mt=175  GeV/c2.

Citation (ISO format)
CDF Collaboration. Observation of single top quark production and measurement of |V<sub>tb</sub>| with CDF. In: Physical review. D. Particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, 2010, vol. 82, n° 11, p. 112005. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.112005
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1550-2368

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