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The Novel Role of HtrA1 in Gingivitis, Chronic and Aggressive Periodontitis

Lorenzi, Teresa
Niţulescu, Elena Annabel
Zizzi, Antonio
Lorenzi, Maria
Paolinelli, Francesca
Aspriello, Simone Domenico
Baniţă, Monica
Crăiţoiu, Stefania
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Published in PLOS ONE. 2014, vol. 9, no. 6, p. e96978
Abstract Proteolytic tissue degradation is a typical phenomenon in inflammatory periodontal diseases. HtrA1 (High temperature requirement A 1) has a serine protease activity and is able to degrade fibronectin whose fragments induce the expression and secretion of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The aim of this study was to investigate for the first time if HtrA1 has a role in gingivitis and in generalized forms of chronic and aggressive periodontitis. Expression of HtrA1 was investigated in 16 clinically healthy gingiva, 16 gingivitis, 14 generalized chronic periodontitis and 10 generalized aggressive periodontitis by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR. Statistical comparisons were performed by the Kruskall-Wallis test. Significantly higher levels of HtrA1 mRNA and protein expression were observed in pathological respect to healthy tissues. In particular, we detected an increase of plasma cell HtrA1 immunostaining from gingivitis to chronic and aggressive periodontitis, with the higher intensity in aggressive disease. In addition, we observed the presence of HtrA1 in normal and pathological epithelium, with an increased expression, particularly in its superficial layer, associated with increasingly severe forms of periodontal disease. We can affirm that HtrA1 expression in plasma cells could be correlated with the destruction of pathological periodontal tissue, probably due to its ability to trigger the overproduction of MMPs and to increase the inflammatory mediators TNF-α and IL-1β by inhibition of TGF-β. Moreover, epithelial HtrA1 immunostaining suggests a participation of the molecule in the host inflammatory immune responses necessary for the control of periodontal infection.
PMID: 24979214
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Research group Groupe Lombardi Tommaso (médecine dentaire) (313)
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LORENZI, Teresa et al. The Novel Role of HtrA1 in Gingivitis, Chronic and Aggressive Periodontitis. In: PLOS ONE, 2014, vol. 9, n° 6, p. e96978. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:39026

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Deposited on : 2014-07-30

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