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Identity recognition and happy and sad facial expression recall: influence of depressive symptoms

D'Argembeau, Arnaud
Published in Memory. 2008, vol. 16, no. 4, p. 364-73
Abstract Relatively few studies have examined memory bias for social stimuli in depression or dysphoria. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of depressive symptoms on memory for facial information. A total of 234 participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory II and a task examining memory for facial identity and expression of happy and sad faces. For both facial identity and expression, the recollective experience was measured with the Remember/Know/Guess procedure (Gardiner & Richardson-Klavehn, 2000). The results show no major association between depressive symptoms and memory for identities. However, dysphoric individuals consciously recalled (Remember responses) more sad facial expressions than non-dysphoric individuals. These findings suggest that sad facial expressions led to more elaborate encoding, and thereby better recollection, in dysphoric individuals.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAnalysis of VarianceDepressive Disorder/psychologyEmotions/physiologyFaceFacial ExpressionFemaleHappinessHumansMaleMental Recall/physiologyPattern Recognition, Visual/physiologySocial PerceptionStatistics as Topic
PMID: 18432481
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JERMANN, Françoise, VAN DER LINDEN, Martial, D'ARGEMBEAU, Arnaud. Identity recognition and happy and sad facial expression recall: influence of depressive symptoms. In: Memory, 2008, vol. 16, n° 4, p. 364-73. doi: 10.1080/09658210801935413 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:3888

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Deposited on : 2009-10-23

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