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Injury-induced immune responses in Hydra

Published in Seminars in Immunology. 2014, vol. 26, no. 4
Abstract The impact of injury-induced immune responses on animal regenerative processes is highly variable, positive or negative depending on the context. This likely reflects the complexity of the innate immune system that behaves as a sentinel in the transition from injury to regeneration. Early-branching invertebrates with high regenerative potential as Hydra provide a unique framework to dissect how injury-induced immune responses impact regeneration. A series of early cellular events likely require an efficient immune response after amputation, as antimicrobial defence, epithelial cell stretching for wound closure, migration of interstitial progenitors towards the wound, cell death, phagocytosis of cell debris, or reconstruction of the extracellular matrix. The analysis of the injury-induced transcriptomic modulations of 2636 genes annotated as immune genes in Hydra identified 43 genes showing an immediate/early pulse regulation in all regenerative contexts examined. These regulations point to an enhanced cytoprotection via ROS signaling (Nrf, C/EBP, p62/SQSMT1-l2), TNFR and TLR signaling (TNFR16-like, TRAF2l, TRAF5l, jun, fos-related, SIK2, ATF1/CREB, LRRC28, LRRC40, LRRK2), proteasomal activity (p62/SQSMT1-l1, Ced6/Gulf, NEDD8-conjugating enzyme Ubc12), stress proteins (CRYAB1, CRYAB2, HSP16.2, DnaJB9, HSP90a1), all potentially regulating NF-κB activity. Other genes encoding immune-annotated proteins such as NPYR4, GTPases, Swap70, the antiproliferative BTG1, enzymes involved in lipid metabolism (5-lipoxygenase, ACSF4), secreted clotting factors, secreted peptidases are also pulse regulated upon bisection. By contrast, metalloproteinase and antimicrobial peptide genes largely follow a context-dependent regulation, whereas the protease inhibitor α2macroglobulin exhibits a sustained up regulation. Hence a complex immune response to injury is linked to wound healing and regeneration in Hydra.
Keywords Injury-induced immune responseEvolution of innate immune systemTranscriptomic signatureWound healingTissue repair and regenerationROS signaling in Hydra
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Research group Groupe Galliot
Projects FNS: 31003A_149630
HFSP grant RGP0016
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WENGER, Yvan et al. Injury-induced immune responses in Hydra. In: Seminars in Immunology, 2014, vol. 26, n° 4. doi: 10.1016/j.smim.2014.06.004 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:38619

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Deposited on : 2014-07-14

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