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Title

Dynamics, causation, duration in the predicate-argument structure of verbs : a computational approach based on parallel corpora

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Defense Thèse de doctorat : Univ. Genève, 2013 - L. 796 - 2013/12/20
Abstract This dissertation addresses systematic variation in the use of verbs where two syntactically different sentences are used to express the same event. We show that the frequency distribution of the syntactic alternants depends on the meaning of the verbs: force dynamics in light verb constructions, external causation in lexical causatives, and duration in verb aspect classes. Both intra-linguistic and cross-linguistic variation in morphological and syntactic realisations of semantically equivalent items are taken into account by analysing data extracted from parallel corpora. The three semantic properties are empirically induced on the basis of the observations automatically extracted from large parallel corpora, which are automatically parsed and word-aligned. The generalisations are learned from the extracted data automatically using statistical inferences and machine learning techniques. The accuracy of the predictions made on the basis of the generalisations is assessed experimentally on an independent set of test instances.
Keywords Verb meaningPredicate-argument structureParallel corporaLarge-scale dataAutomatic processingStatistical modellingBayesian modelling
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URN: urn:nbn:ch:unige-384224
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Research group Laboratoire d'Analyse et de Traitement du Langage (LATL)
Project FNS: Corpus-based Explorations of Cross-linguistic Syntactic and Semantic Role Parallelism (FNS No. 122643)
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SAMARDZIC, Tanja. Dynamics, causation, duration in the predicate-argument structure of verbs : a computational approach based on parallel corpora. Université de Genève. Thèse, 2013. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:38422

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Deposited on : 2014-07-02

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