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Structural and functional analysis of a replication enhancer: separation of the enhancer activity from origin function by mutational dissection of the replication origin gamma of plasmid R6K.
|Published in||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1992, vol. 89, no. 11, p. 5078-82|
|Abstract||The plasmid R6K possesses three distinct origins of replication: alpha, beta, and gamma. The replication origin gamma of plasmid R6K performs a dual function: (i) as an origin itself and (ii) as an enhancer element required in cis for the activation at a distance of the other two replication origins alpha and beta. We have dissected the gamma origin/enhancer by site-directed mutagenesis and have reached the following conclusions. The origin function can be specifically inactivated without impairing the enhancer function by insertion and/or deletion mutations near the opposite ends of the origin gamma sequence. One such mutation deleted sequences that included the left DnaA site I. The second mutation involved insertion of linker sequences that resulted in a spatial alteration between the right DnaA site II and the VIIth pi binding iteron (tandemly repeated binding sites). Other mutations that either partly or completely deleted the A+T-rich sequence adjacent to, but not including, the pi binding iterons also abrogated enhancer and origin function and suggested that pi binding sites were necessary but not sufficient for enhancer activity. Finally, the functional analysis of a set of mutants of the gamma origin/enhancer suggested that a continuous stretch of 300 base pairs is necessary for origin gamma function and that the sequences that included the binding sites for pi, DnaA, and integration host factor proteins are required in the correct stereochemical alignment to impart origin activity.|
|Keywords||Bacterial Proteins/metabolism — Base Sequence — Binding Sites — DNA Replication — DNA, Bacterial/genetics — DNA-Binding Proteins/physiology — Enhancer Elements, Genetic — Escherichia coli/genetics — Molecular Sequence Data — Mutagenesis, Site-Directed — Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/chemistry — Plasmids — Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid|
|KELLEY, William, PATEL, I, BASTIA, D. Structural and functional analysis of a replication enhancer: separation of the enhancer activity from origin function by mutational dissection of the replication origin gamma of plasmid R6K. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1992, vol. 89, n° 11, p. 5078-82. doi: 10.1073/pnas.89.11.5078 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:38242|