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Conformational changes induced by integration host factor at origin gamma of R6K and copy number control

Bastia, D
Published in The Journal of biological chemistry. 1991, vol. 266, no. 24, p. 15924-37
Abstract We have investigated the role of integration host factor (IHF) in the replication of plasmid R6K by studying the maintainance of the plasmid in a strain of Escherichia coli that lacks both subunits of IHF and in an isogenic wild type strain and found that all three origins, alpha, beta, and gamma, were functional in the absence of IHF; however, loss of IHF reduced the copy number of those replicons initiating solely from ori gamma by 5-fold. Concomitant loss of direct repeats within the origin that bind the R6K replication initiator protein, Pi, resulted in a further reduction in copy number. Using gel mobility shift analysis, we showed that IHF bound specifically only to one site within the A/T rich region of the minimal origin adjacent to the Pi binding sites. The origin region possessed no intrinsic DNA curvature although IHF induced a strong bend upon binding. Combination footprinting with different orders of addition of Pi and IHF suggested that there was no cooperativity between the two proteins with regard to DNA binding. Hydroxyl-radical footprinting revealed hypersensitive asymmetric periodic cleavage sites within the origin region in the presence of IHF that extended over 200 base pairs and a localized perturbation of cleavage chemistry. The presence of periodic cleavages was dependent upon the presence of the wild type R6K origin sequence and was not observed when the IHF binding site was positioned adjacent to a heterologous sequence. We observed that the conformational changes induced by IHF upon binding to the R6K origin were negatively correlated with the observed decrease in copy number, and therefore, origin conformation altered by protein-DNA interaction may play an important role in the regulation of replication initiation.
Keywords AutoradiographyBacterial Proteins/metabolismBase SequenceBinding SitesDNA FingerprintingDNA ReplicationDNA, Bacterial/biosynthesisDNA-Binding Proteins/metabolismElectrophoresis, Polyacrylamide GelHydroxidesHydroxyl RadicalIntegration Host FactorsMolecular Sequence DataPlasmidsReplicon
PMID: 1651928
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KELLEY, William, BASTIA, D. Conformational changes induced by integration host factor at origin gamma of R6K and copy number control. In: The Journal of biological chemistry, 1991, vol. 266, n° 24, p. 15924-37.

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