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Targeting of the Sendai virus C protein to the plasma membrane via a peptide-only membrane anchor

Published in Journal of Virology. 2007, vol. 81, no. 7, p. 3187-97
Abstract Several cellular proteins are synthesized in the cytosol on free ribosomes and then associate with membranes due to the presence of short peptide sequences. These membrane-targeting sequences contain sites to which lipid chains are attached, which help direct the protein to a particular membrane domain and anchor it firmly in the bilayer. The intracellular concentration of these proteins in particular cellular compartments, where their interacting partners are also concentrated, is essential to their function. This paper reports that the apparently unmodified N-terminal sequence of the Sendai virus C protein (MPSFLKKILKLRGRR . . .; letters in italics represent hydrophobic residues; underlined letters represent basic residues, which has a strong propensity to form an amphipathic alpha-helix in a hydrophobic environment) also function as a membrane targeting signal and membrane anchor. Moreover, the intracellular localization of the C protein at the plasma membrane is essential for inducing the interferon-independent phosphorylation of Stat1 as part of the viral program to prevent the cellular antiviral response.
Keywords AnimalsCell LineCell Membrane/metabolismPeptide Fragments/genetics/metabolismRecombinant Proteins/genetics/metabolismSTAT1 Transcription Factor/genetics/metabolismSaccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics/metabolismViral Proteins/genetics/metabolismRas Proteins/genetics/metabolism
PMID: 17229713
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Research group Virologie moléculaire (275)
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MARQ, Jean-Baptiste et al. Targeting of the Sendai virus C protein to the plasma membrane via a peptide-only membrane anchor. In: Journal of Virology, 2007, vol. 81, n° 7, p. 3187-97. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:38148

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Deposited on : 2014-06-25

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