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Sendai viruses with altered P, V, and W protein expression

Taylor, G
Published in Virology. 1998, vol. 242, no. 2, p. 327-37
Abstract Wild-type Sendai virus expresses three proteins containing the N-terminal half of the P protein open reading frame due to mRNA editing; a full-length P protein (ca. 70% of the total), a V protein with the N-terminal half fused to a Cys-rich Zn(2+)-binding domain (ca. 25% of the total), and a W protein representing the N-terminal half alone (ca. 5% of the total). To examine the role of these proteins in the virus life cycle, we have prepared recombinant viruses in which the normal V mRNA expresses a W protein (V-stop; 70% P, 30% W), one which cannot edit its P gene mRNA (delta 6A; 100% P), and one which overedits its mRNA like parainfluenza virus type 3 (swap/8;20-40% P, 30% V, 30% W). All these viruses were readily recovered and grew to similar titers in eggs, and except for the P gene products, cell lines individually infected with these viruses accumulated similar amounts of viral macromolecules. The relative competitive advantage of each virus was determined by multiple cycle coinfections of eggs and found to be rSeV-Vstop = rSeV-wt > rSeV-delta 6A > rSeV-swap/8. On the other hand, rSeV-swap/8 underwent multiple cycles of replication in C57BI/6 mouse lungs and was highly virulent for these animals, whereas rSeV-delta 6A was avirulent in mice and this infection was quickly cleared. Remarkably, rSeV-Vstop appeared to be more virulent for inbred C57BI/6 mice than rSeV-wt, but was partially attenuated in infections of outbred ICR mice. Thus, the expression of either the V or the W proteins is sufficient for multiple cycles of infection and pathogenesis in C57BI/6 mice, whereas W can only partially substitute for V for pathogenesis in ICR mice.
Keywords AnimalsBody WeightCells, CulturedChick EmbryoCricetinaeDogsGene ExpressionHaplorhiniHumansLung Diseases/pathology/virologyMiceMice, Inbred C57BL/virologyMice, Inbred ICR/virologyPhosphoproteins/metabolismRNA, Viral/analysisRecombinant Proteins/metabolismRespirovirus/metabolism/pathogenicityViral Proteins/metabolism/physiology
PMID: 9514977
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Research group Virologie moléculaire (275)
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DELENDA, Christophe et al. Sendai viruses with altered P, V, and W protein expression. In: Virology, 1998, vol. 242, n° 2, p. 327-37. doi: 10.1006/viro.1998.9027 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:38123

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Deposited on : 2014-06-25

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